Neurology

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Management of Dogs and Cats With Cognitive Dysfunction

Lynne Seibert, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVB Veterinary Behavior Consultants, Roswell, Georgia Behavior changes in older patients can indicate underlying medical issues, diminishing sensory capacities, age-related cognitive decline, a primary behavioral disorder, or a combination of these. Behavior problems can cause significant suffering for the patient, may challenge the caregiver’s ability to care for the pet, …

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The Practitioner’s Guide to Neurologic Causes of Canine Anisocoria

Heidi Barnes Heller, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology), and Ellison Bentley, DVM, Diplomate ACVO University of Wisconsin–Madison Anisocoria is defined as pupil asymmetry, and may be seen with ocular or neurologic dysfunction (Figure 1).1 When anisocoria is caused by neurologic disease, unequal pupil size may result from malfunction of the sympathetic, parasympathetic, or visual systems. When …

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Epileptic Emergencies: Status Epilepticus in Canine Patients

Oriana D. Scislowicz, BS, LVT CVCA Cardiac Care for Pets, Richmond, Virginia Status epilepticus (SE) is characterized by epileptic seizures that continue for more than 5 minutes, or the occurrence of more than 1 seizure within a 5-minute period in which the human or animal does not return to “normal” in between seizures. Some seizures …

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