Neurology

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The Practitioner’s Guide to Neurologic Causes of Canine Anisocoria

Heidi Barnes Heller, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology), and Ellison Bentley, DVM, Diplomate ACVO University of Wisconsin–Madison Anisocoria is defined as pupil asymmetry, and may be seen with ocular or neurologic dysfunction (Figure 1).1 When anisocoria is caused by neurologic disease, unequal pupil size may result from malfunction of the sympathetic, parasympathetic, or visual systems. When …

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Epileptic Emergencies: Status Epilepticus in Canine Patients

Oriana D. Scislowicz, BS, LVT CVCA Cardiac Care for Pets, Richmond, Virginia Status epilepticus (SE) is characterized by epileptic seizures that continue for more than 5 minutes, or the occurrence of more than 1 seizure within a 5-minute period in which the human or animal does not return to “normal” in between seizures. Some seizures …

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Acute Spinal Cord Injuries

Adam Moeser, DVM, and Charles Vite, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology) Acute spinal cord injury is a major cause of neurologic dysfunction in dogs and somewhat less so in cats. ACUTE SPINAL CORD INJURIES: STEP BY STEP History: When a dog or cat presents with evidence of acute spinal cord injury, obtain a detailed history …

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