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Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy

Kyle Restle, DVM Jacqueline Whittemore, DVM, PhD, DACVIM University of Tennessee School of Veterinary Medicine PET PEEVES Chronic vomiting in cats is a frustrating condition, and accurate diagnosis hinges on use of a systematic approach. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease. Chronic vomiting is …

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Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs

Jan S. Suchodolski, MedVet, DrVetMed, PhD, AGAF, DACVM Texas A&M University The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. …

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Management of Dogs and Cats With Cognitive Dysfunction

Lynne Seibert, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVB Veterinary Behavior Consultants, Roswell, Georgia Behavior changes in older patients can indicate underlying medical issues, diminishing sensory capacities, age-related cognitive decline, a primary behavioral disorder, or a combination of these. Behavior problems can cause significant suffering for the patient, may challenge the caregiver’s ability to care for the pet, …

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Tips to Avoid Tooth Extraction Complications

Brenda L. Mulherin, DVM, DAVDC Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine One of the most common procedures performed by general practitioners in the oral cavity is surgical tooth extraction. The procedure is either a closed extraction, in which the tooth is extracted without a mucoperiosteal flap, or an open extraction, in which a mucoperiosteal …

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Pneumothorax: An Interview with Dr. Elisa Mazzaferro

Elisa Mazzaferro, DVM, PhD, DACVECC Staff Criticalist, Cornell University Veterinary Specialists, Adjunct Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency-Critical Care, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine Today’s Veterinary Practice “How I Treat” column is based on the popular How I Treat sessions presented at the annual NAVC Conference (now VMX) in Orlando, Florida (navc.com/conference). This column features …

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Ultrasonography of the Adrenal Glands

Elizabeth Huynh, DVM Clifford R. Berry, DVM, DACVR University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses ultrasound evaluation of specific …

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Dermatology Diagnostics: Skin Scrapes, Hair Plucks, and More

Parasites, such as chiggers and scabies-causing mites, can cause tremendous itching. Fungal organisms, such as dermatophytes, can affect the hair, resulting in fracturing and large areas of crusting, nodules, or excoriations. Not all dermal problems come from external threats; various breed-related issues, such as color-dilution alopecia, pattern baldness, and many autoimmune diseases, can develop over time. Here’s how to investigate some dermal conditions in cats and dogs.

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How Can We Address Antimicrobial Resistance Head On?

Molly McAllister, DVM, MPH Banfield Pet Hospital, Portland, Oregon Welcome to VET Report Vitals, a column focused on the results of the groundbreaking Banfield Veterinary Emerging Topics (VET) Report, “Are We Doing Our Part to Prevent Superbugs? Antimicrobial Usage Patterns Among Companion Animal Veterinarians.” This report, a collaboration between the NAVC and Banfield Pet Hospital, …

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Ethanol Toxicosis: A Review

Although we mostly think of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) as the alcohol used in beverages, it is also found in other substances: liquid medications, cosmetics, hand sanitizers, perfumes, colognes, mouthwashes, food flavorings (eg, vanilla extract), alcohol-filled chocolates, and fermenting yeast bread dough.

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