Managing Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats, with reported prevalence rates ranging from 0.4% to 1.2%. Factors related to the patient’s diet and adiposity and the presence of comorbid conditions (e.g., acromegaly, pancreatitis) likely contribute to the pathogenesis of feline DM as well as influence response to therapy and chances for achieving remission.
Surgical Drains: Indications, Types, and Complications
Surgical drains are implants that allow removal of fluid and/or gas from a wound or body cavity. This review is part 1 of a 2-part series. Part 1 covers indications for drain use, types, benefits and drawbacks of each type, and common complications. Part 2 will cover drain placement techniques and postoperative care.
Fluid Therapy in Critical Care
Intravenous fluid administration is probably the most frequently used therapy in veterinary hospitals. Aggressive IV fluid resuscitation in emergent patients and continuous IV fluid administration in hospitalized patients have long been considered fundamental in the management of critically ill animals. However, research into whether the type and volume of fluids infused can contribute to comorbidities and decrease the chances of a favorable outcome continues. This article reviews new trends in fluid therapy in human and veterinary critical care medicine.
Canine Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease of dogs. Measurement of T4 concentration is helpful to rule out hypothyroidism but should not be solely relied on to confirm the diagnosis.
Managing Uveitis in Dogs and Cats
Managing uveitis centers on controlling inflammation, reducing pain, and preserving vision, but identifying the underlying condition requires skill and dedication.
The causes of uveitis are numerous and often elusive. Educating clients on the potential complications of uncontrolled uveitis (cataracts, glaucoma, loss of vision, pain) greatly increases compliance with therapy and follow-up visits to maximize success.
The Therapeutic Power of Monoclonal Antibody Therapy
Biotherapeutics are still relatively new in veterinary medicine. This article reviews biologic therapy as it relates specifically to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and covers the only fully licensed and commercially available product, lokivetmab (Cytopoint).
Regional Anesthesia for the Dentistry and Oral Surgery Patient
For canine and feline patients, multimodal pain management techniques might lessen the amount of general anesthesia that is needed for the dental procedure.
The Diagnosis of Canine Hyperadrenocorticism
Diagnosis of canine hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) or Cushing’s syndrome is difficult in some cases due to factors such as the presence of nonadrenal illness and limitations in the tests.
Treating Environmental Lung Injuries: Drowning and Smoke Inhalation
Management an environmental lung injury differs from the care given for other types of respiratory compromise.
Environmental lung injury can result from several causes, including drowning or smoke exposure from enclosed-space fires. Management of patients with environmental lung injuries differs from management of patients with the many other types of respiratory compromise. This article describes treatment of lung injury caused by drowning and smoke inhalation. DROWNING We will first discuss the …