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Managing Patients with Temporary Tracheostomy Tubes

Lila K. Sierra, CVT, VTS (Emergency & Critical Care) A temporary tracheostomy tube (TT) is a device placed in the trachea, between the tracheal rings, through a surgical opening called a tracheotomy. It provides access to the lower airways, allowing: Airway protection Airway patency (if upper airway is obstructed) Access for airway hygiene Mechanical ventilation. …

Endoscopic Equipment for the Veterinary Practitioner

Julie Callahan Clark, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows the examiner to look within an organ or body cavity and gain diagnostic information, which includes grossly evaluating an area of interest and obtaining tissue for histopathologic evaluation. While gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy represents the most common use in veterinary medicine, endoscopes …

Canine Chronic Bronchitis

Canine Chronic Bronchitis: A Review and Update

Cough is a common clinical sign in dogs, and there are many possible causes. Identification and therapy of the specific cause is more likely to result in an amelioration of clinical signs than nonspecific supportive care.

Management of Chronic Pain in Cats

Dinah G. Jordan, BSPh, RPh, Pharm D, FSVHP, Diplomate ICVP, and Joel D. Ray, DVM, MS Chronic pain in cats is commonly associated with malignancy, chronic inflammation, orthopedic disorders, chronic soft tissue injury, and nervous tissue injury.1 It is often difficult to recognize because the signs may be subtle, such as:2 Hiding/withdrawing from humans or other …

Canine Separation Anxiety

Maya is a young adult German shepherd mix with a fulfilling life. Along with Sally, her single and self-employed “parent,” Maya hikes daily and spends much of her time resting on the couch while Sally works at the computer. When Maya is left alone, however, the situation shifts from peace to pandemonium. During a recent …

Small Animal Tarsus & Pes Radiography

In the September/October 2012 issue, the Imaging Essentials column discussed carpus and manus radiography. Similar to radiographs of those structures, radiographs of the tarsus and pes are used to evaluate traumatic injuries and swelling or lameness. Standard evaluation of the tarsus and pes includes mediolateral and dorsoplantar projections. The additional projections described aid in diagnosis …