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Antibody Titers Versus Vaccination

An increased focus on antibody titers raises questions concerning the indications for performing titers, titer interpretation and limitations, and the role of titers when making vaccination decisions for patients.

The publication of vaccination guidelines for dogs and cats (see Links to Vaccination Guidelines)—intended to provide useful insights on the selection and use of vaccines—also elicited some degree of controversy regarding implementation of these vaccination recommendations in practice. Editor’s Note: This article was originally published in May 2013. Please use this content for reference or …

The Neurologic Examination In Companion Animals, Part 2: Interpreting Abnormal Findings

Helena Rylander, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology) Once a neurologic examination has been completed in a patient, the practitioner can use the abnormalities, or lack thereof, to help localize the lesion to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, or cauda equine, which provides critical information on the patient’s condition. A complete neurologic examination should be …

How to Avoid the Five Most Common Mistakes in Veterinary Dermatology

Lori A. Thompson, DVM, Diplomate ACVD Discover the five pitfalls most commonly encountered by practitioners when diagnosing and treating dermatologic conditions in dogs and cats, while learning how to fine tune your approach to history taking, biopsies, skin scrapings, and antibiotic selection. Practicing medicine is called “practicing” for a reason. Typically, there is no ONE …

GI Intervention: Approach to Diagnosis & Therapy of the Vomiting Patient

P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM Vomiting is a common clinical complaint in both dogs and cats and a clinical sign common to diseases of many body systems. Management includes controlling vomiting, addressing underlying causes, and correcting fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Vomiting is a very common clinical complaint in both dogs and cats. …

Assisting the Surgeon: Practical Strategies for Preventing Nosocomial Infections

Noah Jones, RVT Postoperative patients are among those at highest risk for nosocomial infection. Strategies for disinfecting personnel, equipment, and the surgical suite are meticulously outlined. Nosocomial infections increase morbidity and mortality in patients as well as cost to clients. Antimicrobial resistance further complicates nosocomial infections by increasing morbidity, mortality, and cost. RISK FACTORS Postoperative …

Top Ten: Toxicoses in Dogs & Cats

Tina Wismer, DVM, Diplomate ABVT & ABT In honor of Poison Prevention Week, Dr. Wismer of the ASPCA’s Poison Control Center reviews information gathered from over 180,000 cases to name the “top ten” types of poisonings in 2012. March 17 through 23, 2013, is designated as Poison Prevention Week by the Poison Prevention Week Council …

Canine Tooth Fracture

Brook A. Niemiec, DVM, FAVD, Diplomate AVDC A picture is worth 1000 words, and the challenge is to determine what type of tooth fracture is shown in this article as well as the appropriate therapeutic action. Tooth fractures are very common in dogs. The most commonly fractured teeth are the canines and carnassials (maxillary fourth …

Estrus in a Spayed Cat

Erin O. Dresner, DVM, MS, and Gary D. Norsworthy, DVM, Diplomate ABVP (Feline) An aging spayed female cat is presented with signs typical of estrus. A history, physical examination, and extensive diagnostics are performed. Can you determine the diagnosis? A 13-year-old, 4.54-kg (10-lb) spayed female domestic medium-hair cat presented with a 1-day history of typical …

What You Need to Know About Rabies

Dr. Ford presents nine key questions that address rabies immunization. The answers address which agencies handle rabies law, the definitions of exposure and vaccinated, appropriate diagnostic testing, and more.

Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system of mammals, including humans. In North America, routine vaccination of pet dogs, cats, and even ferrets, has played a critical public health role in mitigating human risk for exposure to rabies virus.