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Small Animal Spinal Radiography Series: Cervical Spine Radiography

Imaging Essentials provides comprehensive information on small animal radiography techniques. This article is the first in a 3-part series covering cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine radiography. The following anatomic areas have been addressed in previous columns; these articles are available at todaysveterinarypractice.com (search “Imaging Essentials”). Thorax Scapula, shoulder, and humerus Abdomen Elbow and antebrachium Pelvis …

Beyond the Guaranteed Analysis: Comparing Pet Foods

Justin Shmalberg, DVM, Diplomate ACVN The guaranteed analysis found on all pet foods sold under AAFCO guidelines cannot be used to compare one pet food to another. The macronutrients listed are reported as minima and maxima, instead of the actual amount typically found in the food, and values listed are a percentage of weight as-fed. …

Novel Trends in Small Animal Nutrition: A Practical Guide

Justin Shmalberg, DVM, Diplomate ACVN Nutritional assessment is a cornerstone of veterinary wellness care. Practitioners now encounter a number of new trends and controversies in small animal nutrition. This article examines the most common—grain-free, home-cooked, and raw diets—and addresses the controversy of carbohydrate/protein needs of feline patients. Nutritional assessment is a cornerstone of veterinary wellness …

Feline Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis & Therapeutic Modalities

David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Hyperthyroidism is recognized as the most common endocrinopathy of older cats. Traditional therapeutic measures include thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine therapy, and antithyroid medications. A new therapeutic option—a limited-iodine diet that helps normalize thyroid hormone concentrations and alleviate clinical signs—is now available. Hyperthyroidism is recognized as the most common endocrinopathy of older …

The Veterinarian as Crime Scene Investigator

Welcome to the world of forensic medicine. Learn about the role a veterinarian fulfills when it comes to gathering evidence and evaluating a crime scene in cases related to crimes against animals.

The popularity of television shows, such as CSI and Law & Order, have significantly increased interest in forensic science as well as heightened the expectations of lay people with regard to what can be accomplished through “crime scene investigation.” As forensic science continues to evolve, its advances not only affect human crime cases but also …

Dog as a Second Language: A Primer for Humans

While humans recognize overt happiness or fear in their canine companions, dogs use a more subtle language to communicate with other dogs and us. By watching, we can become more fluent in their rich vocabulary.

Taboo is a small, male Chihuahua mix, with an unknown background, recently adopted from a rescue group. His new owners are generally pleased with his behavior except for one thing: when Taboo is out in the fenced yard and called, he runs toward his owners but quickly slows to a walk, then stops. If they …

Vaccine Adverse Events: Acute Allergic Angioedema

Richard B. Ford, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM & ACVPM (Hon) Post-vaccinal angioedema appears to be among the most common vaccine adverse events. Addressed are risk factors, treatment, and prevention of this reaction, plus reporting of vaccine adverse events. A vaccine adverse event (adverse reaction) is defined as: any undesirable side effect or unintended effect (including …